Dr. Mohammed Akbar is serving as Health Scientist Administrator in the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) at National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States. He received his Ph.D. from Gunma University, School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan, where he investigated the signal transduction mechanisms of purinergic receptors. For the past 18 years at NIAAA, he has been conducting research on the effects of fatty acids and alcohol and their cell signaling mechanisms in neuronal cells and in animals. He also worked with opioids and their signaling mechanisms in addiction. He has published more than 30 papers in peer-reviewed journals, co-authored 2 books, and given 13 invited presentations in different countries, including USA, Japan, Austria, Oman, and South Korea. He is also serving as Editorial board member and reviewer for several peer reviewed journals.